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Full text of "Announcement of courses in the Dental School : for the academic year ..."

Northwestern 

University 

Bulletin 



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Dental School 

Thirty-sixth Annual 
Announcement 

1922-1923 



Volume XXH, Number 49 March 25, 1922 

Published Weekly by Northwestern University 

Northwestern University Building 

CHICAGO 



Northwestern 
University 

EVANSTON and CHICAGO 



Dental School 

Thirty-sixth Annual 
Announcement 

1922-1923 



Published by the University 

May, 1922 



Dental School Calendar 

1922-1923 
1922 

Sept. 25 Mon. Examinations for advanced standing begin 

Oct. 3 Tue. Academic year begins 

Oct. 14 Sat. Last day for entrance in course 

Nov. 30 Thu. Thanksgiving Day 

Dec. 23 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess 

1923 

Jan. 8 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess 

Jan. 29 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins 

Feb. 12 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin 

Feb. 19 Mon. Second semester begins 

Feb. 22 Thu. Washington's Birthday 

Feb. 24 Sat. Practitioner's Course ends 

Apr. 25 Wed. Student's Clinic 

May 30 Wed. Memorial Day 

May 28 Mon. Senior examinations begin 

June 4 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be- 
gin 

June 14 and 15 Home Coming Clinic 
Thu. and Fri. 

June 15 Fri. Commencement Banquet 

June 16 Sat. Alumni Day at Evanston 

June 18 Mon. sixty- fifth annual commencement 



The University 

ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met in the City 
of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street, 
near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K. 
Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant 
Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con- 
sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. They 
agreed that "the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate 
establishment of a University in the Northwest," and appointed a 
committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January 
28, in the next year, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that 
incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The 
name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern 
University. 

The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some 
of whom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The 
corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees 
elected by the Board, and two elected by each of three annual con- 
ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of forty- 
two. 

The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular 
religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the 
institution. 

Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may 
become departments of the University; that all property of whatever 
kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation 
shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no 
spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or 
otherwise within four miles of the location of the University. 

After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the 
Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of 
Lake Michigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here 
in 1855 the first University building was erected, and about this 
location has grown up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential 
city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of 
Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in th'e city of 
Chicago. 



Northwestern University 

Dental School 

Administrative Officers 

Walter Dill Scott, Ph.D., LL.D., President of the University. 
Arthur Davenport Black, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean 
Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean Emeritus. 
William James Farquharson, Secretary. 

The Faculty 

Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of Oral 
Surgery. 

Arthur Davenport Black, A.M., M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Professor of 
Dental Pathology and of Operative Dentistry. 

Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and 
Ethics. 

James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology'. 

Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. 

Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. 

Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental 
Pathology. 

Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. 

Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Oral Surgery. 

William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy; 
Curator of the Museum. 

Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. 

William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Professor of Histology. 

Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry. 

George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Professor of English. 

Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Professor of Pathology; Special 
Research Investigator. 

Lt. Col. Rex Hays Rhoades, Professor of Military Science and Tac- 
tics. 

Karl Leroy Vehe, M.D., Assistant Professor of Anatomy. 

John Frederick Christiansen, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Radi- 
ology; Superintendent of the Clinic. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



George Edward Meyer, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Oral Surgery. 

Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Ortho- 
dontia. 

Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Oral Surgery. 

Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Dental 
Pathology. 

Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Assistant Professor of 
Orthodontia. 

Herbert Scott Ray, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative Den- 
tistry. 

Rudolph Oscar Schlosser, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic 
Dentistry. 

Leon A. Marks, Ph.G., Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 

Stanley William Clark, D.D.S,, Instructor in Oral Surgery and in 
Materia Medica. 

William Walter Jones, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia. 

Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery 

William L. Winters, B.S., Instructor in Anatomy. 

Frank Blaine Rhobotham, D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica. 

Homer King Nicoll, A.B., M.D., Instructor in Pathology. 

Elmer Arthur Johnson, M.D., Instructor in Pathology. 

Clarence W. Robertson, A.B., M.D., Instructor in Ph3^siology. 

Myron Bliss Walling, D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica. 

Olga Ruth Buttner, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia and His 
tolog}'. 

Ray McKinley Dix, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Anatomy and 
Operative Technics. 

Loren Dana Sayre, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Arthur Tanner, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Charles Currier Dodge, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients. 

Huston French Methven, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

Russell Reed Williams, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Walter William Dalitsch, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Teclniics 

Nels Oynes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistr}^ 

Otto Werner Silberhorn, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 

William Leroy Wylie, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 

Graham F. Barker, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



William J. Farquharson, Lecturer in Economics. 
Ty Hee Dang, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. 
Leo Nolan Hulvey, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 
Hector S. Ingram, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Technics. 
Theodore Brockhaus Kurtz, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den- 
tistry. 
Reuben A. Larsen, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 
Leonard A. Peters, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. 
Samuel Maurice Rafish, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Technics. 
Edgar Walfred Swanson, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics. 
William A. Gilruth, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Technics. 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY 

Executive : Courses of study, general policy, student discipline; ad 
interim committee. Dean, Secretary, Professor Gilmer, Professor 
Blackw^ell, Dr. Christiansen. 

University Council: Dean, Secretary, Professor Noyes. 

Credentials and Graduate Courses: Credentials for advanced stand- 
ing, graduate and post-graduate courses. Dean, Secretary, Pro- 
fessor Gilmer. 

Library and Museum: Collections, exhibits, library expansion, cata- 
logues. Professor Bebb, Professor Potts, Professor Skillen. 

Faculty Affairs: Faculty meetings, programs. Professor Hatton, 
Professor Potts, Professor Merrifield. 

Student Relations: Social, athletic, religious, fraternal relations. 
Professor Christiansen, Professor Gethro, Professor Denton. 

Student Council: The Student Relations Committee and two mem- 
bers of each class. 

Faculty Instruction Groups: See page 22. 

The Dental School 

THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for 
the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the 
most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for 
the promotion of dental science and dental literature. 

The reputation earned by this School is well shown by the tabu- 
lation, on page 44, of the geographical distribution of students in 
attendance during the past year, from forty-one states and eight 
foreign countries. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



The Dental School was organized In 1887 and three years later 
became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the 
American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied 
the building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now 
located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake 
and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of 
the building, over 60,000 square feet. 

The following men are deserving of permanent recognition for 
their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in its 
development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edmund 
Noyes, Edgar D. Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges, 
C. R. E. Koch, W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero. 

BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT 

Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center 
of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles, 
a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of 
clinical patients needed in a dental school. 

The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great 
clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- 
struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on 
the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. 
Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same 
floor the special clinic for pulp treatments, the senior prosthetic lab- 
oratory for crown and bridge work, the laboratory for porcelain and 
cast metal inlay work, an impression room, two rooms and wait- 
ing-room for extracting, and a room devoted to radiographic work. 
There are seven lecture-rooms, three of which are arranged on the 
amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 students. One of these 
is for the oral surgery clinic which has a waiting-room for surgical 
patients, a room for diagnosis and the preparation of patients, and 
a recovery room with sufficient beds for the temporary care of 
patients. The other four lecture rooms have seats for 175, 125, lOO, 
and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms, each accom- 
modating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are the anatom- 
ical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the laboratories for 
prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistry, biology, histology, 
physiology, general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica, and for 
physics; the students' reading-room, the library, and the museum. 

A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every 
facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which 
confront the dental profession. This laboratory has every conven- 



NORTHWESTER x\ UNIVERSITY 



ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study 
of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics. 

THE THEODORE MENGES LIBRARY 

The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together 
with the attached Journal Reading Room, 5,400 feet of floor space. 
It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun- 
dred students. The Library contains 7,500 volumes of books on 
dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency- 
clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta- 
tion; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been 
published in the English language, with about 85,000 duplicate num- 
bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to 
six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals 
may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and when the 
duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a 
circulating library. 

THE G. V. BLACK MUSEUM 

The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com- 
plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec- 
tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to 
the best advantage. 

Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William 
Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb 
Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern 
animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of 
preserved fur animals, and a very choice collection of ancient and 
modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many 
volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and 
engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the 
development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most 
attractive manner for exhibition and study. 

The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the 
teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there 
are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of 
the several orders to afiford specimens of every kind of tooth form 
and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, 
with a large variety of fishes. 

The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent 
mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of 
dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the 
roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous 
teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth; 
also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, 
with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws 
from childhood to old age. 

The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth 
of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- 
trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- 
proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super- 
numerary teeth ; in examples of the very early forms of artificial 
teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, 
illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been 
made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being 
continually increased by donations from those who have met with 
specimens unusual or rare in practice. 

It also contains a most complete representation of the progress 
of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive 
steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection 
of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac- 
tice of dentistry. 

SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS 

The central location of the school and its convenient access from 
every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students. 
It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while 
attending the school, without inconvnience in coming and going. 
It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to 
draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The 
patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago 
and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of ^he 
school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- 
ances, made in and about his place of residence, is an invaluable 
adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the 
school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the 
personal clinical practice of the individual student. 

In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less 
favored than the student whose home is in the city. This gaining, 
and holding, a personal clinical practice under the supervision of 
the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features 
of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its 
students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the 
theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in 



10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in 
building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill In professional 
comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which 
Is as necessary to him In after years, in drawing together and main- 
taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill 
In their treatment. 

For these reasons the residence of students in groups In widely 
different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits 
of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better 
conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity 
to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of 
large gatherings of students in a single locality. 

Chicago Is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- 
dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the 
north offers, besides Its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive 
botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of 
plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, 
where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and 
the Museum of Natural History, in which there Is a very large 
collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. 
Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive 
pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter 
conservatories. The new Field Columbian Museum, located in 
Grant Park, offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens 
especially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, of 
modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in the vari- 
ous races and types of men In different ages. The admission to this 
museum Is free to students on presentation of their matriculation 
tickets to this school. 

The Art Institute of Chicago Is located within easy walking 
distance of the School; It offers many free admission hours, making 
Its cultural opportunities conveniently available.' 

OTHER LIBRARIES 

A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste 
for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary Interest, 
or In connection with special studies. 

The University library collections offer very abundant facilities 
for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to 
the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible; 
generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College 
Library, the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological 
Library. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11 



Chicago Library (1,144,803 volumes) is on IVIichigan Avenue 
and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the School. It is 
one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books 
from this libran^ when vouched for by responsible persons known 
to the officials. This librar>^ has also many branch offices in different 
parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. 
These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students. 

The Newberry Library is ver}- large (400,000 volumes) and, 
besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history. 
It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached 
in a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library and books can 
be used only in its reading rooms. 

The Johx Crerar Library (475,000 volumes) occupies its 
own building, corner Michigan Boulevard and Randolph Street, five 
minutes' walk from the School. It is devoted mainly to the natural, 
the physical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has 
one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals. 
It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference librar}^ 
and its books are used only in its reading rooms. 

Admission and Instruction 

In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip- 
ment and facilities of every kind, Northwestern University Dental 
School complies fully with the rules of the Dental Educational 
Council of America for Class A Dental Schools. 

Attention is directed to the entrance requirements for the year 
1922-23. Dentistry needs more practitioners with broader educa- 
tion, and all who can afford to do so are urged to take more than one 
year in a College of Liberal Arts before entering dental school. 
Extra time devoted to college courses will be of much advantage in 
the future. 

entrance requirements for year 192 2- 1923 

One year of Liberal Arts is required for admission to the Dental 
course. A candidate may be accepted on presentation of the follow- 
ing credits: 

High School: Fifteen units from an accredited high school or 
academy, which shall include three units of English, one unit of 
algebra, one unit of geometry and one unit of chemistry or physics. 
The remaining nine units may be made up of other subjects in 
standard High School courses. If physics is not offered for entrance. 



12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



it must be taken during the first year of the dental course. High 
school chemistry, biology or zoology cannot be substituted for the 
college credits required in chemistry and zoology. 

College: Thirty semester-hours in a College of Liberal Arts 
which is recognized by Northwestern University, which shall include 
six semester-hours of English, six semester-hours of inorganic chem- 
istry and six semester-hours of zoology or biology. For the year 
1 922- 1 923, one who has thirty semester-hours of credit, but is lack- 
ing in either one of the special requirements in inorganic chemistry 
or in zoology or biology, may be accepted with the understanding 
that such special requirement will be made up before the beginning of 
the Sophomore year. 

This School will receive no student who is not present within 
ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in case 
of illness properly certified by the attending physician, within twenty 
days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should 
register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture 
halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend- 
ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted 
at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening 
period. 

Undergraduate students are not received for special courses. 

SUMMER CLINICS 

The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of 
students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice 
under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during 
the summer will be ample for the class that may choose to remain 
at the school. The clinical material is abundant, and an excellent 
opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. 

CLINICAL MATERIAL 

The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- 
ence in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be 
best understood by an examination of the subjoined statement of 
patients cared for and operations performed during each year from 
1913 to 1920. 

Due to the change from the three- to the four-year course, the 
classes operating in the clinic in 1919-20, 1920-21 and 1921-22 were 
unusually small, and it was impossible to care for many persons who 
applied for clinic service. The number of patients and the operations 
mentioned for these years are therefore considerably less than the 
School's average: 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13 



Patients Operations 

For the year 1913-14 iS^oSy 94,068 

" '' " 1914-15 17,529 93,793 

" " " 1915-16 18,118 96,455 

" " " 1916-17 ' 17,868 96,620 

" " " 1917-18 17,966 61,898 

" *' " 1918-19 11,675 44,986 

" " " 1919-20 7,597 40,157 

" *' " 1920-21 7,617 32,536 

TEXT-BOOKS 

Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of 
the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from 
the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the 
library. Each student w^ill be required to have the books designated 
before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. Many 
reference books in the library may be used as needed. 

INSTRUMENTS 

The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- 
ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. 
Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that 
the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without 
being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser- 
vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of 
manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their 
instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the 
instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition 
to his continuance in school work. 

In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the 
formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is 
essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and 
this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. 
This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of 
instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators 
in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same 
instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. 

In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar 
care as to instruments is maintained. 



14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING FOR YEAR 1 922- 1 923 

Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in 
this School should bring credentials for same, and should present 
their notebooks. 

Students who present certificates from other dental schools 
covering subjects required in this School may be credited with such 
studies if the credentials are satisfactory to the Dean and to the 
professors in the respective departments; but credits are not accepted 
unconditionally. The Faculty reserves the right to examine any 
applicant for advanced standing, if in its judgment that should be 
desirable. 

No student will be accepted by transfer for matriculation in the 
Sophomore or Junior class unless the previous record is creditable and 
without a condition. Students will not be accepted by transfer from 
other schools for matriculation in the Senior class, except in cases in 
which credentials and other evidence show the applicant to be ex- 
ceptionally well qualified. Credentials of all students applying for 
advanced standing must be approved by the Committee on Creden- 
tials for Advanced Standing. 

Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con- 
ditions in the Dental course will begin on September 25, 1922 — 
one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations 
will be ffiven at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will 
be furnished upon request. 

COURSE FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY 

The course covers four years. The year begins on the first Tues- 
day in October and closes on Commencement Day of the University 
in June. There are not less than thirty-two weeks of actual instruc- 
tion given, six days in each week. 

RESERVE officers' TRAINING CORPS 

At the request of the Surgeon-General of the Army, a Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps was established during the year 1 920-1 921. 
This course is optional in the Freshman and Sophomore years for all 
students who can pass physical examinations, except aliens. Those 
who, at the beginning of the Junior year, are given the opportunity 
and choose to continue through the remainder of the course, must 
meet all requirements, as in other courses, to graduate. R.O.T.C. 
students will be required to attend a medical military camp for six 
weeks during the summer following the Junior year. Each R.O.T.C. 
student will receive about sixteen dollars per month during the 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL \5 



Junior and Senior years, and thirty dollars per month, also trans- 
portation, quarters, rations, etc., during the summer camp. Uni- 
forms will not be worn, and there will be no military training or 
drills, except in the summer camp. R.O.T.C. graduates will be 
eligible for service in the Army Dental Corps, but cannot be called 
for service except in case of war. 

POST-GRADUATE COURSES 

Three post-graduate courses, each of four weeks' duration, are 
given during the year. The first of these begins on the first Monday 
in February, the second begins on the first Monday in June, and the 
third on the first Monday in September. Additional short courses 
of from one week to ten weeks' duration are given throughout the 
year. A special announcement of these courses will be sent on request. 

DENTAL HYGIEXISTS' COURSE 

A dental hygienist's course for young women will be given during 
the year 1922-23. The course will begin the first Tuesday in Octo- 
ber, and continue until June. Graduation from high school, or the 
equivalent, is required for registration. A special announcement will 
be sent on request. 

DENTAL assistants' COURSE 

A dental assistant's course for young w^omen will be given during 
the year 1922-23. The course will begin the first Tuesday in Octo- 
ber, and continue until June. Two years of high school, or the 
equivalent, will be required for admission. A special announcement 
will be sent on request. 

DENTAL mechanics' COURSE 

A dental mechanic's course for young men will be given during 
the year 1922-23. This course is intended to qualify those w^ho take 
it for positions as dental laboratory workers. Two years of high 
school, or the equivalent, will be required for admission. A special 
announcement will be sent on request. 

COMBINED COURSES 

Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor 
of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and 
Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the 
two degrees from eight to six years. 



16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Students who desire to obtain the degrees of Doctor of Medicine 
and Doctor of Dental Surgery may enroll for a combined medical 
and dental course, and thus shorten the time of earning these degrees 
from nine to seven years, which includes one year of hospital interne- 
ship. Those who enroll for this course must have completed the two 
required pre-medical years in a College of Liberal Arts, which will 
entitle them to register for the degree of Bachelor of Science, to be 
awarded at the conclusion of the dental course. 

Details regarding the combined courses will be furnished upon 
application. 

GRADUATE COURSES 

The Graduate School of Northwestern University ofifers the de- 
gree of Master of Science to those graduates of the Dental School 
who devote an extra year to graduate study along special lines ar- 
ranged by the Committee on Graduate Study of the Dental School 
and approved by the faculty of the Graduate School. Information 
regarding graduate courses will be furnished upon request. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR A DEGREE 

The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- 
dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- 
dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of 
lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations in 
the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and 
laboratory work; who in the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral 
character and are twenty-one years of age, and who have discharged 
in full all financial obligations to the University. 

HONORS 

A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon, 
was organized in 191 4, upon the initiative of Northwestern Univer- 
sity Dental School. 

Membership is awarded to students who throughout their dental 
course have met every requirement without condition or failure, and 
whose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them 
highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year 
can achieve the honor of such membership. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 17 



Fees and Expenses 

FOR THE YEAR 1 922- 1 923 
Matriculation Fee $10.00 

This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any 
department of the University, and covers subsequent matriculations 
in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in 
no case returnable. 

Registration Deposit ^ each year $10.00 

This deposit must be paid when names are enrolled for classes. 
It will be credited 'on the tuition fee for the current year. It is not 
returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula- 
tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will 
senT as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is 
not credited on the tuition fee. 

Tuition Fee, each year $250.00 

This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula- 
tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment and supplies, 
but not for manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with 
a locker for the protection of his private propert}^ Each Freshman 
will be charged for three new padlocks for his lockers. Each student 
operating in the clinic will be charged a towel fee each year. 

Cook County Hospital fee, for Seniors $ 5.00 

Final Examination fee, for Seniors 20.00 

Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the 
beginning of the school year. It may be paid in tw^o installments, 
$125.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $125.00 at the 
beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within 
ten days of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but 
in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments 
should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the 
order of Northwestern University. Out-of-town personal checks are 
not accepted. 

Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases 
of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws 
from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his 
tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a 
statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate 
that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No 
application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty 
days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness. 



18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT 

The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de- 
termined in advance, owing to the changes which may occur in prices 
or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As 
many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for 
each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years, 
the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as 
Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer 
from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever 
may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding 
years. 

For the year 1922-23, the School will supply the books and 
equipment for the several classes. In order to reduce the cost of 
equipment as much as possible, the School will supply certain items, 
such as student operating cases, etc., which the student will not need 
after graduation, upon a rental basis. 

Every student is required to purchase the complete outfit of 
books and equipment from the School. 

The student should come prepared to pay for the complete outfit 
of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at 
least the first semester tuition. 

ESTIMATE OF COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT FOR EACH CLASS 
FOR THE YEAR I922-I923 

Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 75.00 

Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about 130.00 

$205.00 

Sophomore year, books, about $ 30.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 230.00 

$260.00 

Junior year, books, about $ 40.00 

Instruments and other equipment, about 25.00 

$ 65.00 

Senior year, books, about $ 20.00 

Equipment and Cook County Hospital fee 10.00 

$ 30.00 
ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPENSES FOR FOUR- YEAR COURSE 

Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 465.00 

Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 510.00 

Junior year, tuition, books and equipment ^ 3i5-oo 

Senior year, tuition, final examination fee, books and equipment.... 300.00 
TOTAL $1,590.00 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 19 



This is an average of about $400.00 per year. The equipment 
includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except 
dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip- 
ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school 
expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After 
the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so 
that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of 
office equipment at the time of graduation. 

UNIVERSITY NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PERSONAL LOSSES 

The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal 
property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by 
the Universit}^ whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown 
cause. 

CHARGE FOR BREAKAGE 

Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or 
breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property 
of the University. 

students' extra funds 

Students who bring with them larger amounts of funds than 
their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the 
University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on 
this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as 
may be prescribed. 

BOARD AND ROOM 

Rooms and board may be obtained at about $15.00 a w^eek. 
Rooms without board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at 
about $25.00 a month. 

A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer- 
sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this 
direction. 

In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist 
them while attending school, this department w^ill also endeavor to 
secure such employment as the student may be able to do without 
detriment to his educational w^ork. 

the university DORMITORIES 

The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus 
near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to 
the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago. 

Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the 
Secretary' of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a 
Jeposit of $10. 



20 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Courses— 1922-1923 

In 19 1 5-1 6, this School adopted the general plan of teaching by 
the division of classes into small sections for recitation and laboratory 
periods, in order that the student might receive more thorough in- 
struction. To accomplish this, the building was remodeled to pro- 
vide necessary additional rooms and laboratory facilities, and the 
teaching staff was increased in every department. 

A general rearrangement of courses has been made to obtain the 
best possible co-ordination and sequence of related subjects. 

CURRICULUM 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

Hours a Week 
Lec.-Rec. Lat 

Anatomy 2 

Histology 2 

Chemistry, Organic and 

Physiological 2 

Dental Anatomy 2 (ist Sem.) 

Operative Technics 2 (2d Sem.) 

Prosthetic Technics 2 



< 






Hours 


a Year 


oratory 


Lec.-Rec. 


Laboratory 


7/2 


Aver. 




64 


240 


4 






64 


128 


4/2 


Aver. 




64 


144 


6 ( 


tst Sen- 


.) 


32 


96 


6 (. 


2d Sem 


.) 


32 


96 


6 






64 


192 



R.O.T.C. (optional) 



28 320 896 — 1,216 



SOPHOMORE YEAR 

Hours a Week Hours a Year 

Lec.-Rec. Laboratory Lec.-Rec. Laboratory 



Physiology 3 3 96 96 

Bacteriology 2 3 64 96 

*Pathology 1 3 32 96 



Materia Medica and 

Therapeutics 

Comp. Dental Anatomy 
Operative Technics ... 
Prosthetic Technics ... 
Orthodontia Technics . , 
Mouth Hygiene 



R.O.T.C. (optional) 



3 (i Sem.) 32 48 

(i Sem.) 2 (i Sem.) 16 32 

3 64 96 

9 32 288 

3 (i Sem.) 16 48 



(i Sem.) 



25 352 800 — 1,152 



*In both Junior and Sophomore courses in 1922-23, thereafter in Sopho- 
more year only. 



THE DENTAL 


SCHOOL 




21 


*PhvsioIo2;v 


JUNIOR YEAR 

Hours a Week Hours 
Lec.-Rec. Laboratory Lec.-Rec. 

• I 32 
I 32 

. 1 3 32 

I 3 (i Sem.) 32 

I (i Sem.) I (i Sem.) 16 

. I 32 

. 2 64 

• I 3 32 
I (i Sem.) 16 
I (i Sem.) 16 

I (i Sem.) 
d. 

24^ 

9H Aver. 33 304 
I 


a Year 
Laboratory 


Principles of Medicine... 

*General Pathology 

Dental Pathology 

Dental Radiology 

Orthodontia 


96 
48 
16 


Operative Dentistry 

Prosthetic Dentistry 

Principles of Surgery. . . 


96 


Extraction Clinic 


16 


Clinical Operative a n 
Prosthetic Dentistry . . 

R.O.T.C. (optional) ... 


784 
1,056—1,360 



*In 1922-23, this course will be included in the Sophomore schedule, 
and will be omitted from the Junior schedule after 1922-23. 



SENIOR YEAR 

Hours a Week Hours a Year 

Lec.-Rec. Laboratory Lec.-Rec. Laboratory 

♦Dental Pathology 2 64 

Jurisprudence and Ethics.. i (i Sem.) 16 

Dental Economics 1 (i Sem.) 16 

*Oral Surgery 2 2 64 64 

♦Operative Dentistry 2 32 

♦Prosthetic Dentistry 2 64 

Orthodontia 1 (i Sem.) 32 

Special Clinics for Divisions 
of Class, in Extraction, 
Oral Surgery, Ortho- 
dontia, Peridental Dis- 
eases, Operative and , r , ^ 

Prosthetic Dentistrv .... 2 < l^^ .^. } 64 

. . ' I Division J ^ 

Clinical Practice in Ortho- 
dontia, Operative and 
Prosthetic Dentistry .... . 3° 9^ 

95^ 34 272 1,088 — 1,360 

R.O.T.C. (optional) i 

•One hour each week will be devoted to seminar work, consisting of 
the reiding and discussion of themes prepared by members of the class. 



22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Outlines of Courses of Study 

In order to secure the best possible co-ordination in teaching, the 
courses of study are arranged in nine groups, and the teaching staff 
of each group constitutes a faculty group committee. The outlines 
of courses appear in the order of this group arrangement, which is 
as follows: 

1. Chemistry, physics, metallurgy. 

2. Anatomy, histology, embryology. 

3. Physiology, materia medica, pharmacology. 

4. Bacteriology, pathology, hygiene. 

5. Operative dentistry. 

6. Prosthetic dentistry. 
Oral surgery. 
Orthodontia. 
Ethics, jurisprudence, economics, history, English. 



Chemistry — Metallurgy 

PROFESSOR GORDIN 

FRESHMAN YEA* 

*a. Lecture-recitation — Organic Chemistry — Composition and 
classification of organic compounds and the study of individual 
groups. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin and 
Mr. Marks. 

b. Laboratory — Qualitative organic analysis and preparation of 
organic compounds representing important groups. First semester. 
Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Pro- 
fessor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

c. Metallurgy and Quantitative Inorganic Analysis^ Gravi- 
metric and Volumetric — The examination of metals, alloys, amal- 
gams, and solders, particularly those used in dentistry. Fusing 
points and eutectic points. Preparation of low-fusing alloys. Refin- 
ing of gold and silver and their recovery from scrap materials. First 
semester. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a 
week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 



*For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class, 
and the class is divided into sections of about forty for recitations. As a 
rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 23 



d. Physiological Chemistjy — Lecture-recitation — The funda- 
mental principles of the chemistry of the material bases of the body. 
Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. 
Marks. 

e. Laboratory Work in Physiological Chemistry — Character- 
istic reactions of proteins and carbohydrates. Practical study of 
salivar}% gastric, and pancreatic digestion. Analysis of teeth and 
saliva. Urine analysis. The qualitative and quantitative determina- 
tion of the constituents of normal and pathologic urine. Second 
semester. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a 
week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Marks. 

Anatomy 

PROFESSOR VEHE 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve 
wTeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week. 
Dr. Vehe and Mr. Winters. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four 
weeks, one hour a week. Dr. Vehe and Mr. Winters. 

c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper or lower ex- 
tremity and the abdomen are dissected. First semester. Class di- 
vided into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week. 
Dr. Vehe, Mr. Winters, and Assistants. 

d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the 
Senses and Splanchnology — Second semester, one hour a week. Dr. 
Vehe and Mr. Winters. 

e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The head, neck and 
thorax. Surgical anatomy of the head and neck. Second semester. 
Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a 
week. Dr. Vehe, Mr. Winters, and Assistants. 

Comparative Dental Anatomy 

PROFESSOR BEBB 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; 
natural selection ; changes in organs ; correlation of growth between 
parts; principles of heredity and fixity of species; tooth forms; 



24 NORTHWES TE RN UNIVERSITY 



definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical 
mammalian dentition; classification of the animal kingdom, with 
concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One se- 
mester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb. 

b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci- 
mens. 



Histology 

PROFESSOR SKILLEN 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the 
microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary 
tissues; histology of the organs; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary 
tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs and 
skin. First semester, two hours a week. Professor Skillen. 

b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture 
course. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
two two-hour periods a week. Professor Skillen and Dr. Buttner. 

c. Recitations — During laboratory hours. 

d. Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel; the peri- 
dental membranes; periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other 
soft tissues of the mouth. Second semester. Two hours a week for 
ten weeks. Professor Skillen. 

e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — Second semester. Two 
hours a week for five weeks. Professor Skillen. 

f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture 
courses d and e. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each 
section one three-hour period a week. Professor Skillen and Dr. 
Buttner. 

g. Recitations — During laboratory hours. 

Physiology 

PROFESSOR WIGGIN 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — The structure of the elementary tissue; 
the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 25 



the blcx)d. First semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin 
and Dr. Robertson. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; 
metabolism; nutrition and diet; animal heat; excretion; muscle; 
nerve physiolog}' ; production of voice. Second semester. Two hours 
a week. Professor Wiggin and Dr. Robertson. 

c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation, and respiration. 
Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week 
throughout the year. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Robertson, and As- 
sistants. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — Brain; 
spinal cord ; reproductive organs ; development. One hour a week 
throughout the year. Professor Wiggin. 

Principles of the Practice of Medicine 

PROFFESSOR WIGGIX 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Because of the intimate connection be- 
tween diseased teeth and systemic disorders, it is essential that dentists 
be familiar with the elementary principles of the general subject 
medicine. This subject includes etiolog}^ diagnosis, symptomatology, 
course, treatment, and prognosis of a few of the more typical diseases, 
as well. as those having some relationship to mouth disorders. The 
mouth symptoms and changes will be especially emphasized. The 
elementar>' principles of physical diagnosis will be taught in connec- 
tion with this course, and ample opportunity given to become familiar 
with the methods of measuring blood pressure and estimating hemo- 
globin percentage. One hour a week throughout the year. Pro- 
fessor Wiggin. 

Materia Medica and Therapeutics 

DR. CLARK 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Consideration of the history of the rela- 
tion of drugs and remedies to dentistry ; methods of administration of 
remedies; action and effect of drugs; dosage; agencies and conditions 
which modify therapeutic action and physiologic effect; classification 



26 N O R T H W E S TE R N UNIVERSITY 



of drugs according to their therapeutic action ; indications and contra- 
indications for the use of drugs as remedies for pathologic conditions 
in the mouth ; poisons, their antidotes, and the antagonistic action of 
drugs. One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Clark and Dr. 
Walling. 

b. Laboratory — The forms, origin and derivation of drugs; a 
critical study of physical characteristics from samples of about one 
hundred drugs and their preparations; the principles of prescription 
writing and of combining drugs in prescriptions; apothecaries' and 
metric weights and measures, and transposition from one to the other; 
solubility and preparation of solutions by percentage, and parts by 
weight and volume. Class divided into sections, each section three 
hours a week during one semester. Dr. Clark and Assistants. 

Bacteriology 

PROFESSOR WILLARD 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara- 
tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin- 
guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi- 
ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; 
diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth 
and mouth ; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a 
week throughout the year. Professor Willard. 

b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and 
management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures; 
deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva, 
from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth ; staining, mount- 
ing, and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided 
into sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year. 
Professor Willard and Assistant. 

Pathology, General 

PROFESSOR HATTON 
SOPHOMORE YEAR* 

a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutri- 
tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb- 
ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc- 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 27 



tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and 
degenerations; necrosis; inflammation; progressive tissue changes; 
neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by 
them. One hour a w^eek throughout the year. Professor Hatton. 

b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections, 
each section three hours a week. Recitations during laboratory hours. 
Professor Hatton. 

Dental Pathology and Therapeutics 

PROFESSOR BLACK, PROFESSOR MERRIFIELD 
JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- 
givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review 
of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues, 
their diseases, and treatment. In this course especial attention will 
be given to the technical procedures and their application in the 
clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical 
infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of 
this course. About 17,000 radiographs w^ere taken for school patients 
last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures 
which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented. 
One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. 
Lundquist. 

b. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Dental 
Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions; hyperemia and 
inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin; devitalization; removal; 
treatment of canals; root filling; aseptic technique; alveolar abscess; 
chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their 
e£Eect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout^ 
the year. Professor Willard. 

c Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth and 
Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in 
the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc.; 
in dental caries, secondary dentin and excementosis ; also the changes 
in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification; 
and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic 
pericementitis. One period of three hours a week during one semes- 
ter. Dr. Nicoll. 



*In 1922-23 this course will be included in both Sophonnore and Junior 
schedules, and thereafter in the Sophomore schedule only. 



28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



d. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one 
hundred points in pulp treatments and one hundred points in peri- 
dental treatments in the clinic. 

SENIOR YEAR 

e. Lecture-recitation — Pathology of Both the Hard and Soft 
Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dystrophies of the enamel, of 
erosion, abrasion and dental caries; of the diseases and treatment of 
the gingivae and peridental membranes, and of the dental pulp. One 
hour a week throughout the year. Professor 'Black. 

f. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of dental pa- 
thology and studies in the Research Laboratory. In this course se- 
lected groups of articles in the periodical literature and subjects in 
books will be assigned to small groups for seminar study. Groups 
will also be assigned to the Research Laboratory. Each week a short 
theme will be presented by a member of the class and discussed by 
others. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black and 
Professor Merrifield. 

g. Clinical Practice — Senior students are required to make two 
hundred and fifty points in pulp treatments and two hundred and 
fifty points in peridental treatments in the clinic. Radiographic 
studies of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal 
fillings, will be an important part of the care of cases in the clinic. 

h. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week 
for five weeks. Professor Black and Dr. Merrifield. 



Mouth Hygiene; Oral Prophylaxis 

PROFESSOR BLACK 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — This course will include a presentation 
of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a 
discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main- 
taining mouth cleanliness will be discussed, and the technic will be 
given in detail. Preventive measures which may be employed by both 
dentist and patient. Mouth hj^giene technique. The relation be- 
tween operative and prosthetic procedures to the diseases of the soft 
tissues. Teaching of mouth hygiene in public schools, and dental 
service in public schools and eleemosynary institutions. Second se- 
mester. One hour a week. Professor Black. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 29 



Operative Dentistry 

PROFESSOR GETHRO, PROFESSOR WILLARD, PROFESSOR BLACKWELL, 

PROFESSOR RAY 

Dental Anatomy, Operative Technics 

FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human 
Teeth — Nomenclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with 
especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour 
a week. Dr. Ray. 

b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth; carv- 
ing the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the 
internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class 
divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix. 

c. Lecture-recitation — Instruments and Instrumentation — A 
study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta- 
tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity Nomen- 
clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of 
the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their 
preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma- 
nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Ray. 

d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight 
excavators made to millimeter scale in brass; preparation of cavities 
in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class 
divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week. 
Dr. Ray and Dr. Dix. 

Operative Dentistry 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- 
tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation; 
principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation; cavity 
preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and 
instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill- 
ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex- 
posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of 
root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor 
Blackwell, Dr. Wylie, Dr. Swanson and Dr. Howell. 



30 N O R r H W E S IMUl N U N I V E R S I T Y 



f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the 
various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root 
canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of 
diseases of the periodical membrane. These operations are performed 
w^ith extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man- 
ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual 
practice as possible. One three-hour period a week throughout the 
year. Dr. Swanson and Dr. Howell. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

g. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill^ 
ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys- 
trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries 
of enamel; caries of dentin; inception and progress of dental caries; 
conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of 
dental caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital 
phenomena in dental caries; hyperesthesia of dentin; treatment of 
dental caries; curative effect of fillings; selection of filling materials. 
First semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro. 

h. Lecture-recitation — The force used in mastication in relation 
to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of 
cavities by classes; ''extension for prevention" and its limitations; 
esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their pathology and treat- 
ment; the childhood period of the permanent teeth; management of 
patients. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro. 

i. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a 
week during the entire year. Oi>erations amounting to one hundred 
points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays 
and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given 
for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the 
cavity, the operative difficulties encountered, and the excellence of 
the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in 
each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, 
Professor Blackwell, Dr. Wylie, and Assistants. 

SENIOR YEAR 

j. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of operative den- 
tistry. For this course selected groups of articles in the periodical 
literature and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for 
seminar study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a mem- 
ber of the class and discussed by others. One hour a week through- 
out the year. Professor Blackwell and Professor Gethro. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 31 



k. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily throughout 
the year. Operations amounting to two hundred and fifty points arc 
required in gold fillings, two hundred and fifty points in gold inlays 
and two hundred and fifty points in amalgam fillings. Professor 
Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Willard, Professor Blackwell, 
Dr. Wylie, and Assistants. 

1. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for 
five weeks. Professor Gethro. 

Prosthetic Dentistry 

PROFESSOR SCHLOSSER, PROFESSOR RIDGWAY, DR. KURTZ 
FRESHMAN YEAR 

a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers 
the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and 
bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester. 
Dr. Kurtz. 

b. Laboratory — "Impression taking, model constructing, occlud- 
ing, waxing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing and finishing partial 
and full artificial dentures. Construction of crowns and dummies, 
all metal, and metal and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and 
dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week throughout the year. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch, 
Dr. Rafish, Dr. Silberhorn and Dr. Oynes. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR 

c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on 
the nature and phj^sical properties of metals, especially those used 
in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses; the manipu- 
lation of metals, swaging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding, 
tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Ridgway. 

d. Laboratory — Construction of dies and counter dies; swaging 
metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by 
vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal 
and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form 
bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section 
nine hours a week. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch, Dr. Rafish, Dr. Sil- 
berhorn and Dr. Oynes. 

e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of Paris 
and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication ; 



32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement 
and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One hour a week. 
Professor Ridgway. 

f. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal 
dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con- 
struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced 
work in crowns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into 
sections, each section nine hours a week. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch, 
Dr. Rafish, Dr. Silberhorn and Dr. Oynes. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined 
in previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic. 
The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- 
ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; 
movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of 
artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Schlosser. 

h. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den- 
tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain 
bridges; continuous gum dentures. Dr. Kurtz, Dr. Dalitsch, Dr. 
Rafish, Dr. Silberhorn and Dr. Oynes. 

i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- 
pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each 
of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred 
points in crowns and bridges and one hundred points in denture 
construction. Dr. Methven, Dr. Sayre, Dr. Tanner, and Dr. Dang. 

SENIOR YEAR 

j. Lecture-recitation — Summary of recent methods and appli- 
ances; application of porcelain in prosthesis; porcelain crowns; porce- 
lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns 
and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges; 
review of anatomical occlusion ; cleft palate appliances, splints for 
fractures. One hour a week. Professor Schlosser. 

k. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of prosthetic den- 
tistry. For this course, selected articles in the periodical literature 
and subjects in books will be assigned to small groups for seminar 
study. Each week a short theme will be presented by a member of 
the class and discussed by others. One hour a week throughout the 
year. Professor Schlosser. 

1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 33 



varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation 
of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set- 
ting crowns and bridges. The minimum requirement is two hundred 
and fifty points in crowns and bridges, and two hundred and fifty 
points in dentures. Dr. Methven, Dr. Sayre, Dr. Tanner and Dr. 



Dang. 



Oral Surgery 

PROFESSOR GILMER AND PROFESSOR POTTS 



JUNIOR YEAR 

a. Principles of Surgery — Principles involved in surgical oper- 
ations: Rooms and equipment, asepsis, care of the operator's hands, 
the field of operation, instruments, dressings, etc. Care of w^ounds, 
after treatment, solutions for irrigations. Treatment of hemorrhage, 
extraction of teeth, minor operations in oral surgery. Examinations 
and preparation of case histories. Blood examinations, the pulse and 
temperature. One semester. One hour a week. Dr. Freeman. 

b. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a w^eek for 
five weeks. Dr. Meyer. 

c. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a w^eek for five 
weeks. Dr. Freeman. 

d. Radiology — Lectures and practical instruction in radiographic 
room. Second semester. Two hours each w^eek. Dr. Christiansen. 

e. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review; state of the patient; 
nature of operation ; choice of anesthetic ; prolonged dental opera- 
tions; circumstances of administration; examination of patients; gen- 
eral anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia; 
ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes- 
thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One 
hour a week. Dr. Freeman. 

f. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in the extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist and Dr. 
Clark. Each Junior student is required to make one hundred points 
in surgical treatments and one hundred points in extractions. 

SENIOR TEAR 

g. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriology; inflammation; sup- 
puration; wounds; hemorrhage; necrosis; chronic osteitis; disease of 
the maxillary sinus; resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis; 
facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi- 



34 N () R 'r H W E S T K R N U N I V K R S I 'V Y 



tion of third molars; impacted teeth; replantation, transplantation, 
and implantation of teeth; cleft palate and harelip; affections of the 
lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu- 
risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer 
and Professor Potts. 

h. Seminar-Theme — Review of the literature of oral surgery, 
with especial attention to the developments of the European War in 
maxillo-facial surgery. For this course, selected groups of articles 
in the periodical literature and subjects in books will be assigned to 
small groups for seminar study. Each week a short theme will be 
presented by a member of the class and discussed by others. One 
hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Freeman. 

i. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. 
Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Meyer, Dr. Freeman and 
Assistants. Nurses from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment 
of cases will be by students, under direction of Professor Gilmer. 

j. Surgical Clinic at Cook County Hospital — Two hours each 
week throughout the year for a section of the class. Professor Potts. 

k. Surgical Clinics at St. Luke's Hospital — Sections of the class 
will be called at frequent intervals to attend clinics at St. Luke's 
Hospital. Professor" Gilmer, Professor Potts. 

Each Senior student is required to make two hundred and fifty 
points in surgical treatments. 

I. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic 
for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Freeman, Dr. 
Lundquist, Dr. Clark. Each Senior student is required to make 
two hundred and fifty points in extractions. 

m. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- 
esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Lundquist, Dr. Clark and 
Dr. Christiansen. 

n. Radiology — Daily clinical instruction. Dr. Christiansen and 
Assistants. 

. Orthodontia 

PROFESSOR SELLERY 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of 
steel; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- 
thodontia appliances. Impressions and models. Making of pinch 
bands, clamp bands and retainers; application of these to models on 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 35 



the manikin. First semester. Three hours a week. Dr. McClain 
and Dr. Jones. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

b. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak- 
ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of 
malocclusion; principles of treatment; methods of retention. Regu- 
lating appliances. Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, 
expansion arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, 
retention. Illustrated with models, with movable teeth and enlarged 
appliances. Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation 
and final fixation. One hour a week throughout the year. Pro- 
fessor Sellery and Dr. Buckley. 

c. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- 
rection of cases in practice. Each Junior student is required to make 
one hundred points in orthodontia. Professor Sellery, Dr. 
Buckley and Dr. Buttner. 

SENIOR YEAR 

d. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, 
classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar 
processes, the p'eridental membranes, and use of models. First semes- 
ter. One hour a week. Professor Seller^' and Dr. Buckley. 

e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- 
rection of cases in practice. Each member of the class is required to 
make two hundred and fifty points in orthodontia.. Professor Sellery, 
Dr. Buckley and Dr. Buttner. 

f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five 
weeks. Professor Seller}^ 

Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics 

PROFESSOR NOYES 
SENIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes- 
sional ethics; state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; 
dental jurisprudence; general review. One semester, one hour a 
week. Professor Noyes. 



36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



Dental Economics 

DR. ARTHUR D. BLACK 
SENIOR YEAR 

a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice 
building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela- 
tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of 
operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ- 
omy in the conduct of an office. One semester, one hour a week. 
Dr. Arthur D. Black. 

Technical Composition 

PROFESSOR DENTON 
SOPHOMORE YEAR 

a. Long Theme — The preparation of professional papers; the 
use of libraries, bibliographies, footnotes. Second semester, one hour 
a week. Professor Denton. 

JUNIOR YEAR 

b. Long Theme — Each member of the class will prepare one 
long theme compiled from the periodical and other dental literature. 
Professor Denton. 

SENIOR YEAR 

c. Seminar-Theme — All reviews prepared by members of the 
class for the seminars in oral surgery, dental pathology, prosthetic 
dentistry and operative dentistry will be criticized before they are 
read before the class. Conferences with the student essayists and 
discussers. Professor Denton. 

For information regarding the School, address Northwestern 
University Dental School, 31 W , Lake St., Chicago. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



37 



Dental School 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS, I92I-I922 



SENIORS 



Barcroft, Dwight Taylor Illinois 

Black, Rhea Edwin Illinois 

Brandser, Robert Wisconsin 

Brooks, Malcolm P Illinois 

Burr, Clarence Henderson. . .Canada 

Coleman, William Arthur Iowa 

Comee, Cyril C Wisconsin 

Cook, Jean Indiana 

Crabtree, Clayton Mack Illinois 

Creviston, Ralph R Indiana 

Davis, Paul K Illinois 

Evanson, Louise Illinois 

Frerichs, Arthur W... South Dakota 

Grahn, Earl G. W Illinois 

Handler, E. David Illinois 

Hansen, Ellen Gurine Illinois 

Hansen, Frederik L Illinois 

Hatcher, Oliver P Tennessee 

Hill, Lloyd B Kansas 

Hockings, Robert Burnell. Michigan 

Howard, Gordon M Illinois 

Isay, Morton G Illinois 

James, Charles S Georgia 

Jostes, Benedict H Illinois 

Kaep, Henry J Iowa 

Kalb, Thaddeus F Indiana 

Kobrzynski, Harriet E Illinois 

Kopperud, William. . .North Dakota 

Moe, Harold South Dakota 

Munn, James A Canada 

Newbury, Wallace J Wisconsin 

Nicoll, Sydney Douglas. .. .Scotland 



Nortell, Harry Illinois 

O'Hara, John Sterling. .. .Michigan 

Pendergast, William B Illinois 

Peters, Wilfred S Illinois 

Polisky, Jacob Illinois 

Prince, George M Illinois 

Probst, Edmund Aloysius. . .Indiana 

Rappaport, Bernard Illinois 

Reese, H. Cortland Illinois 

Ringland, Kenneth W Illinois 

Runyan, George W Indiana 

Scher, Jacob Illinois 

Schumaker, James Robert. . . .Illinois 

Seim, Roy H Wisconsin 

Serritella, William Illinois 

Silver, Saul Illinois 

Skebelsky, Martin S Illinois 

Skrentny, Matthew Indiana 

Smith, Geo. L Canada 

Smith, J. Robert Colorado 

Specter, Wilmont E Indiana 

Sprunt, William H Idaho 

Stephenson, Lindale Van. New York 

Sturdavant, Forest Illinois 

Thompson, David John Illinois 

Wagner, J. Harold Illinois 

Wanamaker, Frank H. .Washington 

Wasson, Joseph S Illinois 

Wheale, John T Indiana 

Williams, G. Hewett Oklahoma 

Wood, Norton J Michigan 

Wright, Katie Tennessee 



JUNIORS 



Adams, W. Mahlon. .. .Washington 

Anderson, L. P Utah 

Balbach, George Jacob Illinois 

Balhatchett, George W Illinois 

Bank, Carl H Michigan 

Barlow, William Anderson. .Illinois 

Baxter, Glenn B Iowa 

Bayne, Neil E Montana 

Benson, William H Illinois 



Bentz, Allan D Utah 

Berg, Stanley Hjalmer. North Dakota 

Bernheim, Max G Illinois 

Bettenhausen, L. G Illinois 

Boone, Glen C - Illinois 

Boucher, Orlando Illinois 

Bowker, Harry C Illinois 

Boyd, John Bedford Illinois 

Brown, Daniel P Illinois 



38 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



JUNIORS — Continued 



Brown, Donovan Ward Indiana 

Bruce, Jack Edward, Jr. .Wisconsin 

Bruce, Ray Wisconsin 

Bult, Lawrence Illinois 

Burke, Joe F South Dakota 

Cameron, Charles A Canada 

Campbell, John Nelson 

North Dakota 

Caplan, Julius Indiana 

Casewell, Cuthbert C Canada 

Chisholm, Reginald H Virginia 

Clearwater, Edgar B Iowa 

Cohn, Hymen J Illinois 

Collins, D. H South Dakota 

Corrin, Roger J Michigan 

Crawford, Thomas C. .Pennsylvania 

*Crosthwaite, Leonard Illinois 

Cunat, Miles J Illinois 

Curtis, Merrill H 

District of Columbia 

Curtis, Nathaniel Arizona 

Dameron, Logan D Arizona 

Deahl, Elmer Illinois 

Diehl, Val C South Dakota 

Dobson, Andrew E Iowa 

Donovan, Leo J Illinois 

Drummond, Harold C. .. .Michigan 

Dunn, Howard G Iowa 

Dunsworth, Leon B Canada 

Ericson, Marvin G... North Dakota 

Evans, Phillip S Idaho 

Fellows, Earl Wiley Illinois 

Fisher, Wilfred E North Dakota 

Foss, William J Illinois 

Foster, Howard S Illinois 

Gaul, Edward C Illinois 

Gidley, Gerald H Indiana 

Gillespie, Walter James Utah 

Gillmeister, Benjamin M. .. .Illinois 

Gilroy, John J Illinois 

Gjerset, Maurice J Iowa 

Gleave, Leo E Utah 

Gomez, Roberto. .. .Central America 

Gray, Charles Montana 

Gray, Emory Speer Illinois 

Grundy, George Benj Oklahoma 

Gunther, Frank M Illinois 

Hadden, Gilbert E Illinois 

Halbeisen, Harold J.. North Dakota 
Hamilton, Harold F. .. .Washington 



Hammerschmidt, E, C Illinois 

Hanson, Clarence A Minnesota 

Hartley, Harry A Iowa 

Hayelka, Rudolph Illinois 

Herse, Richard L Nebraska 

Hess, Elmer R Illinois 

Hines, Hubert B Illinois 

Hoag, Eugene E Illinois 

Holzberger, Lloyd F Montana 

Hoxey, Floyd L Illinois 

Huffman, Luverne M. North Dakota 
Hurwitz, Albert Ervin. .Washington 

Huschka, Louis E North Dakota 

Hutt, Spence Atwell Illinois 

Jackson, Milon B Michigan 

Jensen, L. Wallace Utah 

Johnson, Melvin Michigan 

Johnson, Otto M Illinois 

Jones, Fenton Carlyle, Jr Iowa 

Kern, Roy Anton Illinois 

Kidder, Wayne Michigan 

Killip, Merrill H Illinois 

Kolling, William Illinois 

Korssell, Harold M Illinois 

LaCount, Paul Indiana 

Laederach, Walter Edward. .Illinois 

Lahr, Elven Scott..'. Indiana 

Lanser, Matthew T Iowa 

Lawson, Ralph Jack Ohio 

Lewis, William E Missouri 

Lindstrom, Carl Illinois 

Livingstone, Donald M Canada 

Lugnegard, Gustav Walter. .Sweden 

Lynch, William J Indiana 

Lyons, Vaughan D Idaho 

Lyons, Wayne Charles Illinois 

Magee, Roy M Oklahoma 

Maika, Henry Frederick. . .Nebraska 

Mastrud, Albert F North Dakota 

Mathews, Oliver S Illinois 

McCarthy, Ignatius Nebraska 

McDaniel, Donald J Illinois 

McEwen, Robert A Illinois 

McLaughlin, Willard Nebraska 

McNicol, Thomas K Canada 

*Meese, Raymond E Indiana 

Miller, Floyd H Illinois 

Minshall, Lawrence K. . .Wisconsin 

Mudra, James, Jr Illinois 

Murray, Horatio S Wisconsin 



♦Matriculated, but not in attendance. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



39 



JUNIORS — Continued 



Neperud, Marvin S Wisconsin 

New, Harland Illinois 

Nicolson, Joseph H 

Washington, D. C. 

Nordlie, Arndt B Illinois 

Northcutt, Claude Oklahoma 

Olson, Reuben M Illinois 

Oilman, Harold C Missouri 

Ong, George Illinois 

Oshman, Herman Peter Texas 

Pacey, Walter Illinois 

PaflFord, Ernest M Arizona 

Pearson, Herschel E Idaho 

Peiser, Henry Irvin Tennessee 

Peterson, Clarence H Illinois 

Peterson, Clyde A. . . .South Dakota 
Plekenpol, Lester Jerome. Wisconsin 

Poliak, Meyer S Colorado 

Powers, John R Illinois 

Quiter, R. I Nebraska 

Reeder, Daniel M Illinois 

Robbins, William M.. North Dakota 

Roberts, Albert Lincoln Illinois 

Roe, Arthur Illinois 

Rose, William Alexander. .Kentucky 

Robinson, Daniel K Michigan 

Ruggles, Leonard B Michigan 

Ryan, Leonard L Canada 

Sanderson, Leon T Canada 

Schaefer, Roy C South Dakota 

Schmidt, William George F.Canada 

Schow, Willes Idaho 

Scroggin, Guy F Illinois 

Seaborg, Axel A Illinois 

Shackelford, J. Gordon Arizona 

Sharp, Baxter Reed Illinois 

Sheppard, Clyde C Illinois 

Siegman, Wesley West Virginia 

Silj an, Sigurd South Dakota 

Skehar, Harry George Canada 

Skuse, James B Illinois 



Smith, Wilbur S .Illinois 

Snyder, Robert Wisconsin 

Soffel, Quintin I Illinois 

Spencer, Harwood Canada 

Spencer, Mark C Iowa 

Steiner, Charles J Indiana 

Stern, Henry Illinois 

Stevenson, George A Illinois 

Strong, Lawrence Illinois 

Sugar, Milton Harry Indiana 

Sutherland, H. Ross Canada 

Swindell, Merle Rex Michigan 

Taylor, Ray H Illinois 

Teaff, James W Ohio 

Thompson, Laurence B Illinois 

Thomson, Lloyd C. . . .North Dakota 

Tittle, Felix S Illinois 

Touzel, Mervyn Canada 

Townsend, Gerald W Illinois 

Ullestad, Rolf J Illinois 

Vangsnes, Olaf Illinois 

Webb, William M Illinois 

Wellenstein, Melchior ...Minnesota 

Wellington, Charles W Canada 

Wells, Paul H Vermont 

Wescott, Randall L Illinois 

Westphal, Fred M Illinois 

White, Arthur C New York 

Wiesjohn, Alvin E Indiana 

Williams, Roger S Wisconsin 

Williams, Russell Illinois 

Willson, Kenneth F... North Dakota 

Wisnow, Helen Illinois 

Wojniak, Jos. S Illinois 

Wolfe, Lynn B West Virginia 

Wood, Gary R Indiana 

Wright, Thos. R Iowa 

Wurth, Albert J Ohio 

Zagers, Edward Michigan 

Zee, T. Y China 

Zimmer, William P Illinois 



SOPHOMORES 



Adams, Samuel P., Jr Illinois 

Ahlers, Fred W Illinois 

Altenberg, Nathan H Illinois 

Anderson, Carl Orlando 

South Dakota 

Anderson, Carl William Illinois 

Anderson, Earl Francis 

North Dakota 

Bates, Charles William Illinois 



Belinski, John L Illinois 

Bell, James R Illinois 

Bellagrotzky, Emanuel Illinois 

Berman, Harold Illinois 

Berman, Sidney D Illinois 

Berry, Arthur L Illinois 

Betzer, Chester Harold Illinois 

Bigelow, Rolland Arlington.. 

.> Michigan 



40 



N O R 1^ H W E S T E R N U N I V E R S II' Y 



SOPHOMORES — Continued 



Bill, Edith H Maryland 

Blattberg, Benjamin Illinois 

Bloonnberg, Samuel L Texas 

Blumenthal, Morris Indiana 

Bodfish, S. Burr Michigan 

Boelke, Clarence Henry . .Minnesota 

Brandt, Lloyd Minnesota 

Brown, Frank J Indiana 

Brozowsky, Sam Indiana 

Bruggeman, Cecil R Iowa 

Bunta, Joseph Douglass Illinois 

Bush, Orville John Illinois 

Butkin, Max R Illinois 

Carnahan, Chester Louis Illinois 

Chadovich, Peter Wisconsin 

Churchill, Lewis D Illinois 

Cibock, Charles Emil Indiana 

Cibock, Lewis Martin Indiana 

Cisar, George Edward Illinois 

Cohen, Isador S Illinois 

Colbiornsen, Kjeld S Canada 

Conarty, Ansel Indiana 

Cooper, Herbert William. Australia 
Cooper, John Edmond. .. .California 

Crum, Arthur L Iowa 

Dahl, Rolf H South Dakota 

Davis, John W., Jr Texas 

Davis, Miles Dewey, Jr. . .Arkansas 
Denison, William Russell. . .Indiana 

DeRose, Amedeo Wisconsin 

Dickinson, Edward Turner. Montana 

Dillon, Leigh Wisconsin 

Donahue, Joseph A Iowa 

Donlevy, Webster Illinois 

Doyle, William B Minnesota 

Dumas, Paul L Tennessee 

Edwards, Robert F...West Virginia 

Ehn, K. Percy Illinois 

Ellis, Raymond Dana Illinois 

Emerson, Arthur C Wisconsin 

Epstein, Stanley B Ohio 

Erickson, Rudolph Michigan 

Eshelman, Boyd Edward. .. .Indiana 

Evers, Henry A., Jr Wisconsin 

Fanning, Harold R New York 

Fishbein, Louis H Illinois 

Fisher, Max Pierce. . .South Dakota 

Fitzgerald, Percy A Illinois 

Flaten, Gilbert W Minnesota 

Fleming, Thomas Elden. .. .Canada 

Foutz, Leslie Utah 

Francis, Harry B Illinois 

Frangenheim, Raymond Illinois 



Fuqua, John William Illinois 

Garvin, Franklin M Texas 

Genser, Arnold A Illinois 

Gevirtz, Sydney E Illinois 

Ghent, Charles Leslie Canada 

Gleason, Gale Robert Michigan 

Gleich, Gordon J Michigan 

Goldberg, David Illinois 

Goldbranson, Kent L Utah 

Gordan, Samuel George Illinois 

Grandle, H. Marion Kansas 

Greenebaum, Moe New York 

Groskie, Joseph Illinois 

Guerrero, James Illinois 

Guthridge, John R Canada 

Haag, Ivan M., Jr Indiana 

Hanson, Edward North Dakota 

Hanson, Henry O Wisconsin 

Hanson, John Tillman. North Dakota 

Harmke, Carl Illinois 

Haven, S. Rush, Jr Illinois 

Headen, Leon W Alabama 

Hedenschoug, Wright Illinois 

Heininger, Sylvan B Illinois 

Henderson, Harvey Joseph. Indiana 
Henes, Raymond Arthur . .Michigan 
Hippaka, Eino Gabriel. . .Minnesota 

Horwitz, Max S Illinois 

Hoskins, George Alexander. Canada 
Hubbell, Maurice Lavern. Michigan 

Humpidge, Walter C Illinois 

Jackson, James O Pennsylvania 

Jindrich, Ervin Illinois 

Joaillier, Constantin J. Greece 

Johnson, Carroll William. . .Illinois 

Johnson, Melvin A Indiana 

Johnson, Nels Kenneth. South Dakota 

Johnston, William Minnesota 

Jordan, William A Minnesota 

Kanute, Charles Malcolm.... 

Wisconsin 

Karnick, Ralph Leonard 

North Dakota 

Kella, Joseph Illinois 

Kelley, James Joseph Illinois 

Kelly, Charles Wisconsin 

Kennedy, William L Alabama 

Klein, Nathan ..New York 

Kuchinky, Michael J Ohio 

Kuchler, Frank George, Jr.. Illinois 

Lahr, E. Glenn Indiana 

Lane, Alvan H Illinois 

Lane, John Frederick Canada 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



41 



SOPHOMORES — Continued 



Larkey, Clarence William. Michigan 
Lautenschlager, Frank. South Dakota 

Liu, John Illinois 

Lombardo, Anton Palmer. .. .Illinois 
Lord, DeForest Dodge. New Mexico 
Marcero, Clayton John. .. .Michigan 

Marshall, Hugh B Wisconsin 

Mast, Otto L Indiana 

Mathews, Edwin Carl Indiana 

Matteson, C. D Wyoming 

McCaskill, James W Georgia 

McDermott, Joseph Myron... 

Wisconsin 

McElwain, J, Robert Wisconsin 

McXamara, Lvle W... South Dakota 

Miller, Roy G Illinois 

Misher, Kenneth William. . .Illinois 

Morrison, Gordon W Canada 

Moyes, William S Utah 

Murphy, Kenneth Iowa 

Nakamura, Masao Hawaii 

Nelson, Henry W Illinois 

Newell, Robert Nebraska 

Newman, Caesar E Illinois 

Newman, Marcus Illinois 

Newman, Meyer Illinois 

Nichols, Raymond Eugene. . .Illinois 

Nordberg, Harry Utah 

Nussdorfer, Elmer Chris. .Michigan 
O'Keefe, John Joseph. North Dakota 

Olson, Frank B Illinois 

Orminski, John Charles Illinois 

Ovens, Hugh James Canada 

Payne, Milton New York 

Pearson, Earnest Allen Utah 

Piirto, Jacob Arthur Michigan 

Pinkerton, Robert George. . .Indiana 

Pohle, Max WisconsiYi 

Powell, Raymond H Illinois 

Quanrud, Clarence M Minnesota 

Quayle, Lyle S Michigan 

Ranfranz, Oscar E Minnesota 

Raz, Lope G Philippine Islands 

Rethwill, Wesley H Minnesota 

Rivkin, Samuel B Illinois 

Roeser, Arnold Nicholas. .Minnesota 

Rosen, Nathan H Illinois 

Rowley, Samuel J. D Canada 

Ruesch, William E Illinois 

Rusdal, Sigurd C Wisconsin 

Rutten, Ruben Joseph. North Dakota 
Sansone, Hugo E Illinois 



Schnaidt, Theodore B. South Dakota 

Schulz, Fred Illinois 

Scott, Winfield Texas 

Shawgo, Clyde H Illinois 

Sheafer, George Illinois 

Shields, Roy C Indiana 

Simonis, Wesley O Wisconsin 

Sklodowski, Leo C Illinois 

Small, Elliott B. W. I. 

Smith, Charles E North Dakota 

Smith, Emerson L Canada 

Smith, Everett Donald Michigan 

Smith, Lester E Michigan 

Smith, Richard Clayton.. . .Michigan 

Smith, Roy Pomphrette Indiana 

Smith, Wayne B Iowa 

Snyder, Richard H Illinois 

Solberg, Francis A Minnesota 

Starksen, Cliflford Merle 

South Dakota 

Stearns, Clarence F Illinois 

Stearns, Eugene Marion Illinois 

Stephens, James D Indiana 

Struhall, R. L Texas 

Sugrue, James Illinois 

Supensky, Phillip Illinois 

Swartz, Aaron E Illinois 

Syverson, Howard Wisconsin 

Taber, Albert Warren Illinois 

Tang, Chu Fook Hawaii 

Taufman, Harvey R Wisconsin 

Thompson, Charles M 

Washington, D. C. 

Thompson, Norman G Illinois 

Turbow, Morris O Illinois 

Tweedle, Thomas Wedmore. 

South Dakota 

Twelves, Ralph Utah 

Valentine, Holger Utah 

Vertuno, Daniel Illinois 

VonRuden, Henrv B Wisconsin 

Walker, Charles' E Wisconsin 

Ware, Glenn J Illinois 

Watts, Elmer E Indiana 

Wesselhoeft, Herbert D Illinois 

West, Marie Eugenie Antoin- 
ette Illinois 

Wilson, Leon Illinois 

Winiecke, Edward Louis. .Michigan 

Winning, Carl Duane Iowa 

Wistain, Lincoln Illinois 

Woods, Frank N Canada 



42 



N C) R ^r H W E S T E R N L N I V E R S 1 i Y 



SOPHOMORES — Continued 

Woolley, Leland Smith Idaho Zeiss, Elmer Clarence Uliaoit 

Yalowitz, Myer Illinois Zuber, Harry G Illinoii 



FRESHMEN 



Anderson, Lawrence C.G.Wisconsin 

Bailen, Albert A Illinois 

Baldridge, Roy R Illinois 

Barkdull, Stewart Idaho 

Beasley, Anthony Bryant. . .Georgia 

Bengston, Ralph Illinois 

Berlin, Samuel Illinois 

Boardman, George .Illinois 

Buchanan, William A Illinois 

Bunta, Albert Rab Illinois 

Cooper, Bernard J Illinois 

Coughlin, Donald M Illinois 

*Currie, Harold M.... North Dakota 

Davis, Stanley E Wisconsin 

Dobbs, J. Lowry Ohio 

*Douglas, Bert B Texas 

Dowling, Frank E Illinois 

Duffy, James J Illinois 

Eisenhutt, Leo Lawrence Indiana 

Gibson, Arthur James Michigan 

Hulvey, Donald Eugene Illinois 

Johnson, Alfred L Minnesota 

Johnson, Waldo T Illinois 

*Kellehar, John A Illinois 

Kitzmiller, Elmore F Illinois 

Koenig, Reuben H Iowa 

Lewis, William Glenn Illinois 

Livingston, Frank Iverson. .Canada 

Lusk, Emory J Illinois 

Malwitz, Roland K Utah 

Mammen, Donald H Illinois 



Marshall, John Neil Canada 

McMillan, Elmer Illinois 

Miller, Nathaniel Peyton. .Michigan 

Morris, Edwin Bleakley Illinois 

Morris, John Springer Arkansas 

*Owyang, George T California 

Pulley, Ralph B Illinois 

*Purdy, Max B North Dakota 

Reagan, Charles A Nevada 

Ridpath, Thomas W Canada 

Ripley, Aurin Minott Illinois 

Roble, Melvin North Dakota 

Rosoff, James Louis. . .North Dakota 
Rothenberg^ Edward J. . . .New York 

Rothwell, Allen Illinois 

Schiff, Abe Leo Illinois 

Schultz, Carl E Illinois 

Semotiuk, Wasyl Illinois 

Sewright, Dewey Wayne 

South Dakota 

Simon, Clarence E Illinois 

Smoot, Robert Darrel Missouri 

Stafford, Edwin Lucian Illinois 

Streitmatter, B. Mae Illinois 

Tarkington, Charles Monroe. Illinois 

Vincent, John Arthur Australia 

*Wagstaff, Nicholas A Illinois 

Winograd, Moses George. New York 

Witkowski, Charles B Illinois 

Woolley, Hoyt Bridge Idaho 



POST-GRADUATES, I92I-I922 



Adams, W. Claude, D. 
Arnold, A. L., D.D.S. . 
Bagby, W. B., D.D.S. 
Baker, E. C, D.D.S... 
Bean, L. G., D.D.S. .. 
Bolster, S. K., D.D.S. 
Bridge, W. G., D.D.S. 
Busch, Ernest, D.D.S. 
Cadmus, John H., D.D 
Campbell, J. C, D.D.S 
Carter. W. L., D.D.S. 



D.S . . . Oregon Corriil, A. W., D.D.S Ohio 

. . .Minnesota Dearborn, Helen T., D.D.S. . . .Iowa 

Missouri DeVera, Isidoro L., D.D.S. . . . 

Indiana Philippine Islands 

Ohio Ducote, Clifton G., D.D. S.Louisiana 

Ohio Dunster, Frank E., D.D.S. .Michigan 

Massachusetts Exon, George E., D.D.S Kansas 

Missouri Goodwin, Nellie, D.D.S Ohio 

.S Illinois Harper, Robert N., D.D.S . . . Virginia 

Missouri Harris, R. E.. D.D.S Indiana 

Missouri 



Hill, V. E., D.D.S Texas 



♦Matriculated, but not in attendance. 



THE DENTAL SCHOOL 



43 



POST-GRADUATES 

Hoeffel, Paul. D.D.S Illinois 

Howland, Wells, D.D.S. New York 
Imber, William J., D.D.S .... Illinois 
Johnston, Roy R., D.D.S 

Pennsylvania 

Jones, A. H., D.D.S Missouri 

Jung, Leo H., D.D S Illinois 

Kelsey, James H., L.D.S., 

D.D.S., M.D.S Pennsylvania 

Kirchoff, E. H., D.D.S Indiana 

Kurtz, Theodore B., D.D.S. .Illinois 

Magee, Paul, D.D.S Iowa 

Marschalk, L. V. B., D.D.S... 

Washington, D. C. 

McHarg, R. J., D.D.S Canada 

Merritt, J. P., D.D.S Kansas 

Miller, H. C, D.D.S Kansas 



— Continued 

Phillips, Herbert L., D.D.S.. .Illinois 

Rambo, M., D.D.S Georgia 

Ratliff, A. T., D.D.S Kentucky 

Rider, Charles, D.D.S Nebraska 

Robb, H. G., D.D.S Canada 

Ross, Herbert, D.D.S Canada 

Rovelstad, Henrv R., D.D.S. .Illinois 
Satterfield, Elzer Z., D.D.S... 

Alabama 

Scanlan, Walter R., D.D.S. .. Illinois 

Schilling, Charles S., D.D.S Ohio 

Schmitt, J. C, D.D.S Kentucky 

Scruggs, J. C, D.D.S Kentucky 

Sharp, Harry Lee, D.D.S Iowa 

Snow, J. M., D.D.S Illinois 

Snyder, H. C, D.D.S Illinois 

Wengorovius, W. R., D.D.S.. 

New York 



44 



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 



GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS 



Seniors 

Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

Australia 

British West Indies 

California 

Canada 3 

Central America 

China 

Colorado i 

District of Columbia 

Georgia i 

Greece .' 

Hawaii 

Idaho I 

Illinois 31 

Indiana 8 

Iowa 2 

Kansas i 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 3 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Mexico 

New York i 

North Dakota i 

Ohio 

Oklahoma i 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Philippine Islands 

Scotland i 

South Dakota 2 

Sweden 

Tennessee 2 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington i 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 4 

Wyoming 



64 



Juniors 



4 
79 
II 
10 



Sopho- 
mores 
2 



Fresh- 
men 



Post- 
Ciraduates 



197 



60 



THEDENTALSCHOOL 45 

Northwestern University Dental School 
Alumni Association 

OFFICERS FOR 1 92 1 -1922 

John H. Cadmus, President, Chicago. 
J. H. Hospers, First Vice-President, Chicago. 
Harold S. Smith, Second Vice-President, Chicago. 
James L. Morlan, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., 
Chicago. 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS 

G. G. Knapp, Chairman, Chicago. 
G. E. Meyer, Chicago. 
Kenneth Bignell, Chicago. 

The annual Home-coming Clinic is held on Thursday and Friday 
preceding Commencement each year at the University Building. 

The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium 
for the circulation of articles of interest to Northwestern alumni 
and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa- 
tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad- 
vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School. 

All members of the Association in good standing will receive the 
Journal. Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental 
School may become a member of the Alumni Association upon pay- 
ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar 
annually. 

We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal, 
and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official 
publication a still greater success. 

For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary. 

James L. Morlan, Secretary-Treasurer, 

25 E. Washington St., Chicago. 

For information regarding the School, address Northwestern 
University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 



Northwestern University 

Evanston — Chicago 

q THE COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS, ideally located in 
Evanston, offers well organized courses for general educa- 
tion, with special preparation for the professions and for 
other pursuits requiring broad training, and special courses 
in Religious Education and in Physical Education. 

q THE GRADUATE SCHOOL, in Evanston, extends non- 
professional training and research beyond the College curric- 
ulum, with courses leading to advanced degrees. 

q THE MEDICAL SCHOOL, in Chicago, is one of the best 
equipped in the United States and its reputation for efficiency 
is well-established. Numerous hospitals in close proximity 
are open to students. Clinical matericJ is abundant. 

q THE LAW SCHOOL, the oldest in Chicago, offers unex- 
celled library and research facilities. Its courses leading to 
degrees prepare for practice in any state. 

q THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, on the campus in 
Evanston, offers a five-year course of professional education 
in a University environment, leading to the degrees of Bachelor 
of Science and Civil Engineer or Electrical Engineer. 

q THE DENTAL SCHOOL, in Chicago, is recognized as one 
of the leading schools for dental training and investigation. 
Its clinical facilities are unsurpassed. 

q THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC in three weU-equipped build- 
ings offers exceptional advantages for the thorough study of 
music, professional or otherwise. It is located in Evanston. 

q THE SCHOOL OF COMMERCE, in Chicago and Evanston, 
offers professional and scientific education for business with 
emphasis on the training of business executives. Day and 
evening work, laboratory courses, and business research. 

q THE SCHOOL OF SPEECH, in Evanston, is a University 
Professioned School. It offers courses in debate, public speak- 
ing and interpretation. 

q THE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, in Evanston, coordinates 
the pedagogical activities of the University and through the 
Department of Education in the College of LibersJ Arts offers 
courses for every type of teaching. Awards University Cer- 
tificate in Education. 

q THE MEDILL SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM, in Chicago 
and Evanston, offers comprehensive courses in editing, news 
writing, reporting, newspaper administration. 

For information regarding any School of the University, address 
the President's Office, Northwestern University Building, 
Chicago, Illinois. 




NORTHWESTERN 
UNIVERSITY BUL- 
LETIN is published by North- 
western University weekly dur- 
ing the academic year at 
Chicago, Illinois. Entered as 
second-class mail matter No- 
vember 21, 19 1 3, at the post- 
office at Chicago, Illinois, under 
act of Congress of August 24, 
1 912. Acceptance for mailing 
at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in Section 1103, Act 
of October 3, 191 7, authorized 
on June 14, 1918.